The timing for this hearing is especially important given the dangerous developments in Syria and the challenges they pose to U.
Early conflicts Mahmud Barzanji — Mahmud Barzanji revolts were a series of armed uprisings against the British forces in the newly conquered Mesopotamia and later the British Mandate in Iraq. Following his first insurrection in MaySheykh Mahmud was imprisoned and eventually exiled to India for a one-year period.
When he returned he was once again appointed a governor, but shortly afterwards revolted again and declared himself the ruler of the Kingdom of Kurdistan. The Kingdom of Kurdistan lasted from September — Sheykh Mahmud retreated into the mountains, and eventually reached terms with the independent Kingdom of Iraq inover his return from the underground.
Shaykh Mahmud revolts are considered the first chapter of the modern Iraqi—Kurdish conflict.
Ahmed Barzani was later forced to flee to Turkeywhere he was held in detention and then sent to exile in the south of Iraq. Although initially a tribal dispute, the involvement of the Iraqi government inadvertently led to the growth of Shaykh Ahmad and Mulla Mustafa Barzani as prominent Kurdish leaders.
It is speculated that exile in the major cities exposed the Barzanis to the ideas of urban Kurdish nationalism. The revolt was led by Mustafa Barzani and later joined by his older brother Ahmed Barzani, the leader of the previous Kurdish revolt in the Kingdom of Iraq.
The revolt, initiating inwas eventually put down by Iraqi military assault in latecombined with the defection of a number of Kurdish tribes. As a result, the Barzanis retreated with much of their forces into Iranian Kurdistanjoining the local Kurdish elements in establishing the Republic of Mahabad.
Main phase Negotiations over Kurdish autonomy — After the military coup by Abdul Karim Qasim inMustafa Barzani was invited by new Iraqi President Qasim to return from exile, and was greeted with a "hero's welcome", as a former dessident to the now abolished Iraqi monarchy.
As part of the deal arranged between Qasim and Barzani, Qasim promised to give the Kurds regional autonomy in return for Barzani's support for his policies.
First Iraqi—Kurdish War — Main article: The struggle was led by Mustafa Barzani in an attempt to establish an independent Kurdish state in north Iraq.
Throughout the s the uprising escalated into a long war, which failed to resolve despite internal power changes in Iraq.
The war ended with a stalemate byresulting in between 75,  tocasualties. Cease-fire — Main article: Iraqi—Kurdish Autonomy Agreement of A Kurdish Autonomy agreement was reached in March by the Iraqi government and the Kurdsin the aftermath of the First Iraqi—Kurdish Warfor the creation of an Autonomous Region, consisting of the three Kurdish governorates and other adjacent districts that have been determined by census to have a Kurdish majority.
The plan also gave Kurds representation in government bodies, to be implemented in four years. Second Iraqi—Kurdish War — Main article: The war came in the aftermath of the First Iraqi—Kurdish War —70as the peace plan for Kurdish autonomy had failed to be implemented by Unlike the previous guerilla campaign, waged by Barzani, the war was an attempt for symmetric warfare against the Iraqi Army, which eventually led to the quick collapse of the Kurds, lacking advanced and heavy weaponry.
The war ended with the exile of the Iraqi KDP and between 7,—20, deaths on both sides. Due to lack of foreign support, however, the guerrillas were only able to operate in the highest regions of Iraqi Kurdistan 's mountains. The insurgency dimmed with the Kurdish rebellion in Iran. Ba'athist Arabization campaigns in North Iraq were forced displacement and cultural Arabization of minorities Kurds, Yezidis, Assyrians, Shabaks, Armenians, Turkmen, Mandeansin line with settler colonialist policies, led by the Ba'athist government of Iraq from s to early s, in order to shift the demographics of North Iraq towards Arab domination.
The Baath party under Saddam Hussein engaged into active expulsion of minorities from the mids onwards. The policies are sometimes referred as "internal colonialism",  described by Dr. Francis Kofi Abiew as a "Colonial 'Arabization'" program, including large-scale Kurdish deportations and forced Arab settlement in the region.This course provides an introduction to the theory and practice of conflict analysis by illustrating analytical tools used, with reference to two extended case studies, the .
Aug 11, · The United States dispatched more advisers to Iraq this week following the decision to begin a series of airstrikes in an effort to protect U.S. personnel and religious minorities from militants.
and security issue, for example the conflict between its Arabs and Kurds, and the war of Iraq with Iran. After that, moving on to the second Gulf War which was the. The Iran–Iraq War was an armed conflict between Iran and Iraq, beginning on 22 September , The issue is one of Islam versus blasphemy, and not of Iran versus Iraq.
In an exception to the United States' support for Iraq. Iraq conflict, the views of the British government on international legal aspects were conveyed to parliament through a formal opinion of the Attorney-General; 4 in the absence of a com- parable and equally accessible legal opinion from the U.S.
government, the actual U.S.
Sep 22, · the decision of war with Iraq, most blinded United States of America citizens are still yet persuaded to support such a war. The Bush Administration . The United States should help communities in the Middle East, through indigenous civil society, to build their own capacity for peaceful dialogue and conflict resolution. Iraq: Conflict profile The legacy of colonialism, three gulf wars (,, -) and long-term international economic sanctions has created a divided and conflict-torn state in Iraq.
posi-. Iraq: Conflict profile The legacy of colonialism, three gulf wars (,, -) and long-term international economic sanctions has created a divided and conflict-torn state in Iraq.