Avoid common errors of punctuation and grammar. Use the first person I, we rather than the passive voice.
Your research question helps readers to know the specific subject matter you will be addressing within the broad topic of environmental history. For instance, suppose you are interested in market development and its environmental effects. If you asked, "What is the relationship between market development and environmental degradation?
This question does not clearly define the problems you are interested in, nor does it put boundaries on your research project.
A well-articulated research question provides you and your readers with critical information about your project by defining the focus of your research, its scope, and your motivation.
Dust Bowl farmer driving tractor with young son near Cland, New Mexico Library of Congress, Digital IDfsa 8b A research question can set boundaries to help you figure out where to go next. A research question defines which data you need to collect and which methods you will use to access and analyze your documents.
Again, take the Dust Bowl question in the previous paragraph as an example. By narrowing your question to the relationship between large-scale agriculture and the Dust Bowl, you also narrow the scope of data collection and analysis.
You may start archival research focusing on agriculture and settlement history, or decide to conduct oral histories concerning farmers' memories of the Dust Bowl.
However, as you collect data, your question is likely to change and grow. Defining questions within your project is not a linear process. Rather, questions will define your directions of inquiry and, in turn, the results of your inquiries will refine your question.
Developing research questions is an iterative process evolving with your project. We have made a figure below to illustrate the process. You will start with something you are interested in.
You will then create questions about this thing, and figure out what your next steps will be to investigate those questions further. Picking a topic from projects you have done before could help you find ideas that you are already interested in.
Collect your previous term papers or reports and list the topics you have researched for those projects. Choose one or two that seem promising and relevant to environmental history.
Instead, you should develop a new topic from the old research. Your own interests are a great source to find a topic. List your interests as many as you can! One of the best ways to generate a topic from a general interest is to look up encyclopedia articles.
They usually contain an overview outlining facts on a subject with a concise list of suggested readings.
If you go to the library to find encyclopedia articles, you will have a good chance of finding a topic from them. Current events or timely issues can be a good place to find a promising research question.
For example, Hurricane Katrina brought ideas about poverty and environment into the mainstream press, as well as ideas about land-use patterns and natural disasters.Women who have had an abortion have an 81% higher risk of subsequent mental health problems compared to women who have not had an abortion.
Women who aborted have a % higher risk of mental health problems compared to women who have given birth. The Purdue University Online Writing Lab serves writers from around the world and the Purdue University Writing Lab helps writers on Purdue's campus.
Academic engagement and commercialisation: A review of the literature on university–industry relations. Intermittent fasting women may experience benefits that include better chances at fighting cancer, diabetes, & autoimmunity.
This comes with a HUGE caveat. A literature review surveys scholarly articles, books and other sources relevant to a particular issue, area of research, or theory, and by so doing, providing a description, summary, and critical evaluation of these works.
Literature reviews are designed to provide an overview of sources you have. Spaced repetition is a technique for efficient memorization & practice of skills where instead of doing a lot of work quickly, each item’s practices are automatically spread out over time, with increasing durations as one learns the item.