Guggenheim Museum, New York The origin of the word jazz has resulted in considerable research, and its history is well documented. It is believed to be related to jasm, a slang term dating back to meaning "pep, energy". It wasn't called that.
See Article History Alternative Titles: He wrote primarily for the Broadway musical theatrebut important as well are his orchestral and piano compositions in which he blended, in varying degrees, the techniques and forms of classical music with the stylistic nuances and techniques of popular music and jazz.
Early career and influences Gershwin was the son of Russian Jewish immigrants. Although his family and friends were not musically inclined, Gershwin developed an early interest in music through his exposure to the popular and classical compositions he heard at school and in penny arcades.
He studied piano with the noted instructor Charles Hambitzer, who introduced his young student to the works of the great classical composers.
The boy is a genius. After dropping out of school at age 15, Gershwin earned an income by making piano rolls for player pianos and by playing in New York nightclubs. His most important job in this period was his stint as a song plugger probably the youngest in Tin Pan Alleydemonstrating sheet music for the Jerome Remick music-publishing company.
In an era when sheet-music sales determined the popularity of a song, song pluggers such as Gershwin worked long hours pounding out tunes on the piano for potential customers.
While still in his teens, Gershwin was known as one of the most talented pianists in the New York area and worked as an accompanist for popular singers and as a rehearsal pianist for Broadway musicals.
Rhapsody in Blue During the next few years, Gershwin contributed songs to various Broadway shows and revues. This work, Blue Monday later reworked and retitled as th Streetwas poorly received and was removed from the show after one performance. Bandleader Paul Whitemanwho had conducted the pit orchestra for the show, was nevertheless impressed by the piece.
Legend has it that Gershwin forgot about the request until early Januarywhen he read a newspaper article announcing that the Whiteman concert on February 12 would feature a major new Gershwin composition.
Owing to the haste in which it was written, Rhapsody in Blue was somewhat unfinished at its premiere. Gershwin improvised much of the piano solo during the performance, and conductor Whiteman had to rely on a nod from Gershwin to cue the orchestra at the end of the solo.
Nevertheless, the piece was a resounding success and brought Gershwin worldwide fame. The revolutionary work incorporated trademarks of the jazz idiom blue notes, syncopated rhythms, onomatopoeic instrumental effects into a symphonic context.
Gershwin himself later reflected on the work: There had been so much chatter about the limitations of jazz, not to speak of the manifest misunderstandings of its function. Jazz, they said, had to be in strict time.
It had to cling to dance rhythms. I resolved, if possible, to kill that misconception with one sturdy blow…No set plan was in my mind, no structure to which my music would conform. The Rhapsody, you see, began as a purpose, not a plan. Popular songs For the remainder of his career, Gershwin devoted himself to both popular songs and orchestral compositions.
The melodies that are repeated and embellished throughout the work, however, are never subject to alteration—the antithesis of the jazz philosophy that regards melody as a mere loose outline for imaginative decoration.
It is a work frequently revived by symphony conductors, who find its brash, festival-like mood to be a rousing concert-opener. Kaufman and Morrie Ryskind shared a Pulitzer Prize.Of course jazz wasn't born on a particular day – it was created over time.
It was a meeting, a mixing, a melding of many cultures, many emotions and many skills. The most likely explanation is some New Orleans cats took the music they heard at home, in church and in barrooms, put it all together, and created a new sound.
Jazz: Jazz, musical form, often improvisational, developed by African Americans and influenced by both European harmonic structure and African rhythms. It is often characterized by syncopated rhythms, polyphonic ensemble playing, and the use of original timbres. Learn more about its .
History of Jazz and Classical Music Upon entering a modern record store, one is confronted with a wide variety of choices in recorded music. These choices not only include a multitude of artists, but also a wide diversity of music categories. Feb 28, · HERE'S one you may have heard before: Jazz is America's classical music.
It's a declaration that is always intoned with great seriousness and a touch of argumentative pride; the intent is to grant. American classical music is music written in the United States in the European classical music tradition. In many cases, beginning in the 18th century, it has been influenced by American folk music styles; and from the 20th century to the present day it has often been influenced by folk, jazz, blues, Native American, and pop styles.
Feb 28, · Positioning jazz as ''America's classical music'' could keep people away from jazz's earthiness and exaltation.
Putting the ''classical'' stamp on jazz is a way of insisting on the music's.